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On Demand

Bias in Evidence-Based Medicine

Total Credits: 1 AOA Category 1-A Credit(s)

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State Associations:
POMA - Pennsylvania
Pamela Goldman, DO, MHSA, FACOI
54 Minutes
Never expires.


Bias can be introduced at any part of the research process—including study design, research implementation or execution, data analysis, or even publication. Any time you undertake research, there is a risk that bias, or a systematic error, will impact the study’s results and lead to conclusions that tell an incomplete or inaccurate story. Understanding how to assess and critically appraise published research to identify potential sources of bias is an essential skill for clinicians. This session will provide methods to appraise the research you read so that you can identify rigorously designed, high-quality studies that are more likely to yield results that are closer to the truth.

Disclosure Statement: Disclosure Statement: Dr. Goldman, faculty for this educational event, is an employee for Aetna/CVS, Inc. All of the relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Accreditation Statement: The Pennsylvania Osteopathic Medical Association (POMA) is accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) to provide osteopathic continuing medical education for physicians. POMA designates this activity for a maximum of 1.0 Category 1-A AOA CME credits and will report CME and specialty credits to the AOA commensurate with the extent of the physician’s participation in this activity.

Grievance Statement: If you are not satisfied with the program, you may file a written grievance by emailing Your complaint will be forwarded to the Education Committee for review.  The committee will determine if the participant should be reimbursed with no credits or deny the complaint and take the issue into consideration for future programs.



Pamela Goldman, DO, MHSA, FACOI's Profile

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Pamela S.N. Goldman, DO, MHSA, FACOI, “Bias in Evidence-Based Medicine,” is a medical director for a major healthcare company and a specialist in hospital medicine and utilization medicine; a clinical assistant professor at the Philadelphia Col­lege of Osteopathic Medicine; and an adjunct professor at the Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine (LECOM) Health Services Administration. A graduate of Juniata College in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, and a 2006 graduate of LECOM, she completed an intern­ship and internal medicine residency at Frankford Health Care System in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She also received a Master of Health Ser­vices Administration degree from LECOM and completed a healthcare leadership and management for physician’s certificate program from the American College of Osteopathic Internists (ACOI) and the Univer­sity of Texas at Dallas. A fellow of the ACOI, Dr. Goldman is past president of POMA, a member of the POMA Foundation Board of Directors and a member of the American Osteopathic Association. Dr. Goldman, faculty for this educational event, is an employee for CVS, Inc. All of the relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

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